In 1948, the New York State legislature created Boards of Cooperative Educational Services (BOCES) to provide shared educational programs and services to school districts within the state. Today there are 37 BOCES that are partnering with nearly all of the state’s school districts to help meet students’ evolving educational needs through cost-effective and relevant programs.
BOCES membership is not currently available to the “Big Five” city school districts: New York City, Buffalo, Rochester, Yonkers, and Syracuse.
A District Superintendent is the chief executive officer of an individual BOCES. The District Superintendent is responsible for both the BOCES and its component districts. A District Superintendent also serves as the commissioner of education’s representative to the region.
District Superintendents can provide:
Liaison Services – The District Superintendent facilitates communications between the New York State Education Department and local districts, as well as other public and private agencies.
Superintendent Searches – Upon request, the District Superintendent may assist component school districts in their selection process of a new school superintendent. The District Superintendent at the BOCES may serve as a consultant for recruitment, screening and evaluation of candidates.
Consultant Services – Drawing from various resources, the District Superintendent is available to consult with school districts on a variety of educational topics including:
- Board-administration relationships
- New York State Board of Regents Standards
- State education department commissioner’s regulation interpretations and clarifications
- Management and planning
- School boundaries
- Reorganization and mergers
Operating procedures related to new programs
Under Education Law section 1950, a BOCES may provide any educational service that is requested by two or more component districts and approved by the commissioner of education according to need and practicality in a regional context.
The BOCES then notifies component districts of the approved services, asking for a firm commitment to participate by May 1 of each year. The BOCES and the component districts then enter into formal contracts. Contracts between BOCES and component districts, when approved by the commissioner, are effective for one year. After which they may be renewed, changed or cancelled. Districts may also authorize multi-year service requests from BOCES.
BOCES by the Numbers
Educator for all ages and abilities
- 12,036 adult students improved their listening, speaking and literacy skills through English as a Second Language (ESOL) programs at BOCES.
- 1,364 students worked side-by-side with industry professionals in honors-level career courses through BOCES New Visions programs.
- 15,753 students’ unique needs were supported in special education classrooms operated by BOCES.
Engine for economic growth
- 5,407 businesses served on BOCES CTE advisory councils.
- 38,442 students developed college- and career-ready skills through CTE programs
- 20,751 adult students improved their job prospects by enrolling in BOCES workforce development courses.
Facilitator of collaboration and efficiency
- 377 school districts currently participate in a BOCES coordinated health benefits consortium.
- 520 school districts participated in BOCES energy cooperatives in one year.
- 167 school districts shared central business office staff or functions via BOCES.
[Data as of March 2020]